mulberry messenger bags Alexandre Lacassagne And His Influence on Criminology
Alexandre Lacassagne, a French physicist and criminologist, was born August 17, 1843 in Cahors, France. He studied at a military school in Strasbourg in eastern France and worked at Val de Grace, a military hospital in Paris. Lacassagne eventually was made chair of Forensic Medicine at the University of Lyon in Paris. Lacassange was a principal founder in the early fields of forensic medicine and criminal anthropology, the combination of the studies of criminal behavior and human nature. Criminal anthropology is part of the field of offender profiling, an set of investigate tools used to identify an unknown criminal based on patterns of behavior.
Lacassange, with his keen interest in the fields of psychology and sociology, revolutionized criminology, the study of criminal behavior of an individual and its effects on society as a whole. Lacassange believed a person biological inclinations and social environment greatly impacted whether he would engage in criminal behavior, and what sort of behavior he would display. Lacassange became involved in various famous French criminal affairs, including the case of France first know serial killer,
Joseph Vacher, also known as the “French Ripper,” and the assistant of French president Sadi Carnot in 1894. He gained fame in France for his knowledge and expertise in the field of criminology and the study of criminal behavior in general. Lacassange main theories about criminal behavior were distinctly different from the widely accepted theories present in criminology at the time.
The Lacassagne School of Criminology, based in Lyon, France, became a major influence in France in 1885 and retained this influence until 1915. Unlike the school major rival at the time the Italian School of Positivist Criminology, run by Italian criminologist Cesare Lombroso Lacassange school focused around his theory of societal influences on criminal behavior. Lacassagne rejected Lombroso primary theory: that a person is born a criminal and there are simply “criminal types.” Lombroso also believed criminal behavior could be inherited by a person from a biological relative, while Lacassange viewed social environment as the more relevant factor. Lacassagne divided criminals into three groups, act criminals, thought criminals and sentimental or instinctual criminals, based on three different zones of the brain he believed influenced criminal behavior and societal factors. The parietal zone was for social activities, the front zone was responsible for high level thought activity and occipital zone was responsible for animal instincts. While Lacassange didn believe a person simply born a criminal, he did support the death penalty because he thought some criminals were beyond redemption.
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